Type 2 Diabetes Tips

Posted by on Apr 11, 2016 in Health and Wellness

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Written for Psoas by Bob Hodgson:
– Diagnosed in 2009 with a fasting blood sugar reading of 325 (dangerously high)
– Last lab test 92 (normal). Accomplished with diet and exercise only.
– Age 70.
(Feel free to email Bob directly at rfraser.h@gmail.com for more information regarding diabetes)

The term diabetes is applied to any condition that causes the glucose level in the
blood to rise. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas has
been destroyed and produces little or no insulin. It was formerly known as
Juvenile Diabetes, although it occurs at all ages. It is a very specific condition with
genetic markers. The term Type 2 (T2) applies to all other conditions that cause
the blood sugar to rise. This includes pregnancy, brain tumors, birth defects or
accidents.

We are discussing the most common form of T2 diabetes which is called insulin
resistant. It is the inability of the body to use insulin effectively. Contributing
factors include: genetics, age, lifestyle, diet, weight, and lack of exercise. There is
no known cure.

When you consume carbohydrates and proteins, your body changes these to glucose and dumps them into your bloodstream, and your pancreas produces insulin to
transfer the glucose to the muscles and brain to use as energy. When you can’t
use your insulin effectively (insulin resistance) the glucose stays in your blood
stream and produces high blood glucose levels (this is the definition of diabetes)
and causes the diabetes related complications.

So now you have been diagnosed as a T2, what can you do?

Change your diet: Reduce the amount of carbs you eat to match what you can
process. You can only consume so many carbs before your system is overloaded
and your blood sugar level rises. Think low carb high fat diet (LCHF). Basically, you
eliminate or drastically reduce high carbohydrate foods: grains, cereals, potatoes
sugar, bread, etc. You then include a portion of good fat — avocado, olives, maybe
bacon, if you like it. The added fat slows down digestion, plus postpones the
desire to munch. Diets vary by individuals and some people actually choose to add additional medication in order to consume more carbohydrates.

Lose weight if you need to: Excess body fat increases insulin resistance.
(Remember: all people with T2 are not obese and all obese people do not have T2)

Use Medication: There are many new medications on the market now (as seen on
TV) that you can speak to your doctor about. They can help control high blood sugar levels, but none directly improve your insulin resistance. Insulin can be added if your pancreas is no longer functioning (Many T2’s [including me] can maintain tight control without using medication.)

Exercise: Any exercise burns glucose and lowers blood sugar levels. From walking
the dog after dinner to running a half marathon. That is good for all diabetics. Weight
training increases muscle mass. It allows your muscles to store more glucose.
Healthier, more active, muscles directly improve insulin resistance. Moderate
exercise is probably more helpful than extreme exercise because the liver dumps
additional glucose to compensate for the extra effort (the goal is to lower glucose
levels). Interval training can be a good balance.